Revealing The Impressive Scale of Gopher Snakes

gopher snake size

I have had the opportunity to explore and document various aspects of the natural world. In this article, I will delve into the topic of gopher snake size, providing insights into their impressive dimensions and the factors that influence their growth.

Gopher snakes are a fascinating species of snake that can be found in various regions across North America. They are known for their impressive size and unique characteristics, making them a popular subject among reptile enthusiasts and nature lovers.

Key Takeaways

  • Gopher snakes are a species of snake found in North America.
  • They are known for their impressive size and unique characteristics.
  • Factors such as genetics, habitat, and food availability can influence their growth and dimensions.

How Big Do Gopher Snakes Get?

Gopher snakes can grow to impressive lengths, with some specimens reaching up to 7 feet or more. In terms of inches, the maximum recorded length for a gopher snake is around 100 inches. These dimensions make them one of the larger snake species native to North America.

The size of gopher snakes can vary depending on their subspecies, with some being larger than others. For example, the Sonoran gopher snake (Pituophis catenifer annectans) is known to be one of the largest subspecies, while the Great Basin gopher snake (Pituophis catenifer deserticola) tends to be smaller in comparison.

Gopher snakes can also display sexual dimorphism, meaning that males and females can have different sizes. In many cases, females tend to be larger than males.

Average Gopher Snake Size

When it comes to sizing up a gopher snake, it’s essential to understand the average dimensions of these fascinating reptiles. On average, gopher snakes measure between 3 and 6 feet in length, with some subspecies known to reach even greater lengths.

Male gopher snakes tend to be slightly larger than females, but the difference in size is relatively minor. It’s worth noting that the size of a gopher snake can also vary depending on its age, diet, and living conditions.

To accurately determine the size of a gopher snake, you should measure it from the tip of its nose to the end of its tail. Keep in mind that gopher snakes can compress and stretch their bodies, so their actual length may be slightly different than their measured length.

Determining Gopher Snake Size

Determining the size of a gopher snake can be challenging, especially in the wild where they can quickly slither away. However, there are a few key factors to consider when trying to estimate their size.

You might like this:  The Truth About Gopher Snakes' Venomous Qualities

One of the most obvious indicators of a gopher snake’s size is its length. While it’s not always possible to get an exact measurement, the length of the snake’s body can provide a rough estimate. Gopher snakes can range from around three feet in length to over six feet, so this scale can give a general idea of their size.

Another factor to consider is the thickness of the snake’s body. While this can vary depending on the individual snake’s age and health, a thicker body generally indicates a larger snake.

In captivity, it’s much easier to determine a gopher snake’s size since they can be handled and weighed. Weight can provide a more accurate measure of their size, especially when compared to other individuals of the same species.

Overall, it’s important to be cautious when approaching gopher snakes, especially in the wild. These snakes are not venomous but can still bite if they feel threatened, so it’s best to admire their impressive size from a safe distance.

Variations in Gopher Snake Size

While gopher snakes are known for their impressive dimensions, the size of these snakes can vary depending on their subspecies. Some subspecies of gopher snakes are smaller in size, while others can reach lengths of up to seven feet.

For example, the Pacific gopher snake, which is found in coastal regions of California and Oregon, tends to be smaller in size, with adult specimens typically measuring between three to four feet in length. On the other hand, the Great Basin gopher snake, which is found in the western United States, can grow up to six to seven feet in length.

In addition to variations in overall length, different subspecies of gopher snakes may also exhibit differences in growth patterns and size range. These factors can be influenced by a variety of environmental and genetic factors, such as diet, habitat, and geographic location.

Factors Influencing Gopher Snake Size

I’ve investigated the various factors that can influence the size of gopher snakes. While genetics plays a crucial role, the environment in which these snakes live can also make a difference in their growth and overall size.

Genetics: Like with all animals, genetics plays a significant role in determining the size of gopher snakes. Some subspecies are naturally smaller than others, and there may be variations in size within subspecies as well. Breeding can also influence the size of offspring.

Habitat: The environment in which gopher snakes live can also have an impact on their size. In regions where food is scarcer or the climate is less suitable for their survival, gopher snakes may grow to be smaller in order to conserve energy. Conversely, in areas with plentiful food and ideal temperatures, gopher snakes may grow larger.

Food Availability: The availability of food is a crucial factor in gopher snake growth. These snakes primarily feed on rodents, and the presence of plentiful prey can lead to more rapid growth. Conversely, a lack of food can result in stunted growth or even death.

Competition: The presence of other animals, particularly other snakes, can impact gopher snake growth as well. Competition for resources can lead to smaller size or slower growth.

You might like this:  Revealing The Allure of Gopher Snake Morphs

Mating: The mating habits of gopher snakes can also play a role in determining their size. In some cases, male snakes may grow larger in order to attract females, while female snakes may be larger in order to carry and give birth to offspring.

Overall, while genetics plays a significant role in determining the size of gopher snakes, the environment in which they live and the availability of resources can also impact their growth. With this knowledge, we can better appreciate the incredible variation in size and dimensions among gopher snake subspecies.

Gopher Snake Size in Comparison to Other Snakes

When it comes to size, gopher snakes are a moderate-sized species of snake. They are larger than some other common snakes found in North America, such as garter snakes and ribbon snakes, but are smaller than some of the larger constrictors, like boas and pythons.

One species that is often compared to the gopher snake in terms of size is the bullsnake. Bullsnakes and gopher snakes are both members of the Pituophis genus and are similar in appearance. However, bullsnakes can grow slightly larger than gopher snakes, with recorded lengths of up to eight feet.

Another similarly sized snake is the coachwhip. Although coachwhips are more slender than gopher snakes, they can grow to similar lengths and are often encountered in the same habitats. Other snakes that are similar in size to gopher snakes include king snakes and rat snakes.

Notable Gopher Snake Size Records

Over the years, there have been several documented cases of gopher snakes reaching exceptional sizes. These impressive individuals have captured the attention of reptile enthusiasts and researchers alike. Here are a few noteworthy records:

Gopher Snake Size Location Year
Sonoran gopher snake 8.5 feet Arizona, USA 2014
Great Basin gopher snake 7.5 feet Utah, USA 2009
San Diego gopher snake 6 feet California, USA 2018

It is important to note that these are extreme cases and not representative of the typical gopher snake size. The average size for most subspecies falls between 4 to 6 feet in length.

Despite their impressive dimensions, gopher snakes are not considered to be the largest snake species. The reticulated python, for example, holds the record for being the longest snake in the world, reaching lengths of up to 30 feet.

Fun fact: Gopher snakes, like many other snake species, continue to grow throughout their lives. However, their growth rate slows down significantly once they reach maturity.

Gopher Snake Size in Captivity

When kept as pets, gopher snakes can reach sizes similar to those found in the wild. However, their growth and overall size are largely dependent on several factors, including diet, temperature, and enclosure size.

Providing a healthy and balanced diet is crucial for proper growth and development. In captivity, gopher snakes should be fed a diet consisting of appropriately-sized rodents, such as mice and rats, on a regular schedule. It is important not to overfeed or underfeed, as both can lead to health problems and affect their overall size.

Temperature and humidity levels in the enclosure also play a role in determining the size of a captive gopher snake. The enclosure should be kept at a temperature range of 75-85°F with a basking spot of up to 90°F. Consistent humidity levels between 30-50% should also be maintained.

You might like this:  Unveiling The Fascinating Truths About Gopher Snakes

The size of the enclosure is also a crucial factor in promoting healthy growth in captive gopher snakes. The enclosure should be appropriately-sized to allow for movement and exercise, with adequate hiding places and branches for climbing.

Proper husbandry and consistent monitoring of a pet gopher snake’s growth are essential to promoting healthy growth and size.


In conclusion, gopher snakes are impressive creatures known for their size and unique characteristics. As we have discussed in this article, gopher snakes can reach impressive lengths of up to 7 feet, although their average size can vary depending on factors such as genetics, habitat, and food availability. Despite these variations, gopher snakes remain formidable predators and fascinating reptiles that should be appreciated for their size and beauty.

If you are considering keeping a gopher snake as a pet, it is important to remember that they require proper care and husbandry to ensure healthy growth and development. This includes ensuring they have a suitable enclosure, a balanced diet, and regular veterinary check-ups. By providing the appropriate care, you can help your gopher snake reach their full size and potential.

Overall, gopher snakes are a fascinating species that continue to captivate and intrigue reptile enthusiasts and casual observers alike. Whether in the wild or in captivity, their impressive size and unique characteristics make them a true wonder of the animal kingdom.


Q: How big do gopher snakes get?

A: Gopher snakes can reach impressive lengths, with some individuals growing up to 6 feet or more. In inches, this translates to approximately 72 inches.

Q: What is the average size of a gopher snake?

A: The average size of a gopher snake varies depending on factors such as gender and subspecies. On average, gopher snakes measure between 3 to 5 feet in length.

Q: How can I determine the size of a gopher snake?

A: To determine the size of a gopher snake, you can measure its body length from the tip of its nose to the end of its tail. Additionally, considering its weight can also provide further insights into its size.

Q: Are there variations in size among different gopher snake subspecies?

A: Yes, there are variations in size that can be observed among different gopher snake subspecies. Some subspecies may be larger or smaller compared to others, resulting in differences in their size range and growth patterns.

Q: What factors can influence the size of gopher snakes?

A: The size of gopher snakes can be influenced by various factors, including genetics, habitat conditions, and food availability. These factors can impact their growth and overall dimensions.

Q: How does the size of gopher snakes compare to other snake species?

A: In terms of size, gopher snakes can be similar to other snake species of comparable length. However, it’s important to note that the dimensions of snakes can vary among different species, with some being shorter or longer than gopher snakes.

Q: Are there any notable records of exceptionally large gopher snakes?

A: There have been documented instances of gopher snakes reaching remarkable sizes. These notable records highlight the extraordinary dimensions that some individuals can attain within this species.

Q: How does the size of gopher snakes in captivity differ from those in the wild?

A: The size of gopher snakes in captivity can vary from those in the wild. Factors such as diet, living conditions, and care can influence their growth and size. Proper husbandry practices are crucial to ensure healthy growth in captive gopher snakes.

Q: What is the conclusion regarding gopher snake size?

A: Gopher snakes are known for their impressive dimensions, with some individuals reaching lengths of 6 feet or more. The average size of gopher snakes ranges from 3 to 5 feet. Appreciating the size and unique characteristics of these fascinating reptiles is important in understanding their role in the ecosystem.

Featured image: Thesis4Eva at English Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top