Your Ultimate Guide to the Smooth Green Snake Pet

smooth green snake pet

If you’re reading this, you’re probably considering owning a smooth green snake as a pet or simply intrigued by these exotic pet snakes. As a reptile enthusiast, I’m excited to provide you with a comprehensive guide to caring for a smooth green snake.

Smooth green snakes are fascinating creatures that make great pet options for those who are looking for a low-maintenance, small, and peaceful snake. They’re a unique pet option, especially for individuals who are looking for something different from the typical cat or dog.

In this article, I’ll provide you with all the information you need to know to care for a smooth green snake, including their habitat needs, dietary requirements, and health and maintenance. By the end of this guide, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge to ensure the health and happiness of your smooth green snake pet.

Key Takeaways:

  • Smooth green snakes are low-maintenance, small, and peaceful pet options.
  • This guide will provide comprehensive information on caring for a smooth green snake as a pet.
  • Topics covered include habitat, diet, handling, and maintenance.

Is a Smooth Green Snake the Right Pet for You?

As someone who has owned and cared for smooth green snakes, I can attest to the joys of having these beautiful creatures as pets. But before you decide to bring one home, it’s important to consider if a smooth green snake is the right pet for you.

One of the main benefits of owning a smooth green snake is their low-maintenance nature. They require minimal space, don’t need special lighting or heating, and can thrive on a diet of insects. This makes them a great option for those who want a unique pet without the high maintenance of other exotic species.

However, it’s important to note that smooth green snakes are not recommended for first-time reptile owners. While they are generally peaceful and easy to handle, they do require some experience in snake care. If you’re new to reptile care, it’s best to start with a beginner-friendly species before considering a smooth green snake.

Overall, smooth green snakes make excellent pets for reptile enthusiasts who are looking for a unique and low-maintenance companion. If you have experience in snake care and are willing to provide the proper habitat and diet, a smooth green snake can be a wonderful addition to your home.

Understanding the Habitat Needs of Smooth Green Snakes

Creating a suitable habitat is crucial to ensure the health and wellbeing of your smooth green snake. These snakes thrive in a warm and humid environment with plenty of hiding spots and perches.

The ideal temperature range for a smooth green snake’s enclosure is between 75-85°F (24-29°C) during the day and 65-75°F (18-24°C) at night. This can be achieved with the use of a heat lamp or under-tank heating pad. It’s important to place the heat source at one end of the enclosure to create a temperature gradient that allows the snake to regulate its body temperature.

Smooth green snakes also require high humidity levels of around 50-70%. This can be attained by misting the enclosure daily and providing a humid hide box. The enclosure should be lined with a substrate that retains moisture, such as coconut fiber or sphagnum moss.

Lighting is not as crucial for smooth green snakes as it is for other reptiles. However, providing a 12-hour light and dark cycle can help regulate their activity and sleep patterns. Avoid using bright white lights, as these can stress out the snake. Instead, opt for a red or blue night light.

You might like this:  Get to Know Smooth Green Snakes: Fascinating Facts

The enclosure should be spacious enough for the snake to move around and climb. A 20-gallon long tank is recommended for one adult smooth green snake. Provide plenty of hiding spots, such as cork bark or PVC pipes, and perches for the snake to climb on, such as branches or vines.

Regular cleaning and maintenance of the enclosure is essential to prevent the buildup of bacteria and parasites. Spot clean any soiled areas daily, and perform a complete clean-out of the enclosure at least once a month. Use a reptile-safe disinfectant and rinse thoroughly before reintroducing the snake.

Feeding and Nutrition for Smooth Green Snakes

Smooth green snakes are primarily insectivores, feeding on a diet of small insects such as crickets, fruit flies, and small spiders. It is important to provide a varied diet to ensure that they receive all the necessary nutrients.

I recommend feeding your smooth green snake every 2-3 days, offering a portion of insects that is approximately the same size as the snake’s head. Avoid feeding larger prey items as this can cause digestion issues or regurgitation. If your snake refuses to eat, try offering a different type of insect or offering food at a different time of day.

In addition to live insects, you can also offer your smooth green snake commercially available insect diets. However, be sure to read the label carefully to ensure that the ingredients are appropriate for your pet.

It is important to supplement your snake’s diet with calcium and other vitamins. You can either dust the insects with a calcium powder or offer a calcium block in the enclosure. If you notice any signs of nutritional deficiencies, such as lethargy or weight loss, consult with a reptile veterinarian to determine the appropriate course of action.

Common Questions:

  • Can smooth green snakes eat vegetables or fruit? No, these snakes are strictly carnivorous and should not be offered any plant-based foods.
  • What if my smooth green snake refuses to eat? Try offering a different type of insect or offering food at a different time of day. If the problem persists, consult with a reptile veterinarian.
  • How often should I supplement my snake’s diet with calcium? It is recommended to supplement every 2-3 feedings.

Handling and Taming Your Smooth Green Snake

Proper handling techniques are essential in building a trusting and comfortable relationship between you and your smooth green snake. Here are some tips to follow:

  • Wash your hands before handling your snake to ensure that there are no foreign scents on your hands.
  • Approach your snake slowly and calmly, allowing it to become aware of your presence.
  • Support your snake’s entire body when picking it up, as snakes are sensitive to pressure and may become stressed or injured if not handled correctly.
  • When holding your snake, avoid sudden movements or jarring actions, as these can frighten or upset your pet.
  • Handle your snake regularly to ensure that it becomes comfortable with human interaction and stays well-socialized.

Remember that while smooth green snakes are generally docile and peaceful, they may become defensive if they feel threatened. If your snake becomes agitated or defensive, it’s best to give it some space and avoid handling it until it has calmed down.

Over time, as your snake becomes accustomed to handling, you may be able to train it to respond to certain cues or engage in interactive activities. However, be sure to approach any training with patience and caution, as snakes are not as easily trained as other pets.

Building Trust with Your Smooth Green Snake

Building trust is an important part of maintaining a happy and healthy relationship with your smooth green snake. Here are some tips to help build trust:

  • Provide a comfortable and stimulating environment with adequate space and hiding spots.
  • Offer consistent and proper care, including feeding and maintenance.
  • Handle your snake regularly and in a calm manner to build familiarity and comfort.
  • Observe your snake’s body language and behaviors to better understand its needs and preferences.
You might like this:  Revealing Expert Tips to Care for a Smooth Green Snake

By following these tips and providing a positive and safe environment for your smooth green snake, you can establish a strong and rewarding relationship with your exotic pet.

Maintaining Health and Preventing Common Issues

As with any pets, it’s important to maintain the health and wellbeing of your smooth green snake. Here are some common health issues that you may encounter and how to prevent them.

Issue Prevention
Parasites Regularly clean and disinfect your snake’s enclosure. Quarantine any new pets before introducing them to your snake.
Respiratory infections Maintain the proper temperature and humidity levels in your snake’s enclosure. Avoid exposing your snake to drafts or extreme temperatures.
Digestive issues Provide a varied diet that is appropriate for your snake’s size and age. Avoid overfeeding, and make sure your snake has access to fresh water at all times.
Shedding issues Provide a humid hide in your snake’s enclosure to help them shed their skin smoothly. Monitor your snake during the shedding process to ensure that the skin is coming off properly.

In addition to preventing common health issues, it’s important to schedule regular check-ups with a reptile veterinarian. They can help diagnose any potential health problems and provide guidance on proper snake care.

Note: If you notice any unusual behaviors or symptoms in your snake, seek veterinary care immediately.

Understanding the Habitat Needs of Smooth Green Snakes

Creating the ideal habitat for a smooth green snake is crucial for their health and well-being. These snakes require specific temperature, humidity, and lighting conditions, as well as adequate space and substrate. Here are some tips for setting up the perfect home for your pet snake:


Smooth green snakes are ectothermic, meaning they rely on external heat sources to regulate their body temperature. For this reason, it’s important to provide a temperature gradient within the enclosure. The warm end of the enclosure should be between 80-85°F (27-29°C), while the cool end should be between 70-75°F (21-24°C). You can achieve this by using a heat lamp or under-tank heating pad.


Smooth green snakes require a moderate level of humidity, between 40-60%. You can maintain this by misting the enclosure with water daily, or by using a humidifier. It’s important to monitor the humidity levels regularly to ensure they stay within the desired range.


Smooth green snakes do not require UVB lighting, but they do need a regular day/night cycle. You can achieve this by providing 12-14 hours of light per day, followed by 10-12 hours of darkness at night. This can be accomplished with a simple light timer.

Enclosure Size and Substrate

Smooth green snakes are small, averaging 14-20 inches (35-50 cm) in length. As a result, they require a relatively small enclosure, with a minimum size of 10 gallons. Larger enclosures can be used if desired, but ensure that your snake can easily access all areas. For substrate, provide a leaf litter or coconut coir, as this will mimic their natural habitat and promote humidity retention.

By following these guidelines, you can create a comfortable and stimulating environment for your smooth green snake. Regular monitoring and maintenance is key to ensuring a healthy and happy pet snake.

Frequently Asked Questions about Smooth Green Snakes

As a pet owner, you may have questions regarding the care and keeping of your smooth green snake. Here are some frequently asked questions:

  • Can I house multiple smooth green snakes together? While smooth green snakes are generally peaceful, it is not recommended to house them together due to potential aggression or stress.
  • What is the lifespan of a smooth green snake? With proper care, smooth green snakes can live up to 15 years in captivity.
  • What is the ideal temperature range for my smooth green snake’s enclosure? The ideal temperature range is between 75-85°F (24-29°C) during the day and around 65-70°F (18-21°C) at night.
  • How often should I feed my smooth green snake? Younger snakes should be fed every 2-3 days, while adult snakes can be fed once every 5-7 days.
  • Is handling my snake harmful? Proper handling is not harmful and can build a bond between you and your pet. However, it is important to approach your snake gently and avoid sudden movements to prevent stress or injury.
  • Can my smooth green snake live in a terrarium with other reptiles? It is not recommended to house different species of reptiles together due to potential aggression, stress, or health issues.
You might like this:  The Fascinating Truth About Smooth Green Snakes' Lifespan

Potential Companion Species for Smooth Green Snakes

If you’re looking to expand your reptile family, there are a few species that can coexist peacefully with a smooth green snake. Keep in mind that introducing new pets to your snake’s enclosure requires careful monitoring and planning to ensure a stress-free environment for all involved.

One suitable companion species for a smooth green snake is the green anole. These small, arboreal lizards are native to the southern United States and are adaptable to a range of temperatures and humidity levels. They are active during the day and can provide a visually appealing contrast to your snake’s more subdued behavior.

Another compatible species is the brown anole. These lizards are native to the Caribbean but have become established in many parts of the southern United States. They are also active during the day and can provide a vibrant addition to your snake’s habitat.

It’s important to note that not all reptile species are compatible with smooth green snakes. Avoid housing your snake with larger or more aggressive species, as this can lead to stress, injury, or even death. Always do your research and consult with a reptile expert before introducing a new pet to your snake’s enclosure.

The Legalities of Owning a Smooth Green Snake

As a reptile enthusiast interested in owning a smooth green snake, it’s important to understand the legalities surrounding these exotic pets. While smooth green snakes are generally legal to own as pets, there may be specific regulations or permits required in certain regions.

If you’re considering getting a smooth green snake as a pet, it’s important to research the laws and regulations specific to your state or country. Some areas may require a permit or license for owning a smooth green snake or other exotic pets. Failure to comply with these regulations could result in fines or legal consequences.

Additionally, it’s crucial to purchase your smooth green snake from a reputable breeder or licensed seller. Buying a pet snake from an unlicensed or illegal source not only puts you at risk of legal consequences but also contributes to the illegal trade of exotic animals and can harm wildlife populations.

Before bringing home a smooth green snake as a pet, make sure to do your research and ensure that you are complying with all relevant laws and regulations. By obtaining your pet snake from a legal and ethical source and following the appropriate guidelines, you can enjoy the unique and rewarding experience of owning a smooth green snake as a pet.


In conclusion, owning a smooth green snake as a pet can be a rewarding and fascinating experience, but it does require some knowledge and effort to ensure a happy and healthy pet. As we have discussed in this guide, providing the right habitat, diet, and handling for your pet snake is crucial to their well-being.

If you are a reptile enthusiast looking for a unique pet option, a smooth green snake could be a great choice, given their low-maintenance nature and peaceful temperament. However, it’s important to do your research and consider whether a green snake is the right pet for you and your lifestyle.

Remember, regular check-ups with a reptile veterinarian, proper handling techniques, and maintaining a clean enclosure are crucial for preventing common health issues and ensuring your pet snake’s well-being.


Q: Are smooth green snakes good pets?

A: Yes, smooth green snakes can make great pets for reptile enthusiasts.

Q: What are the habitat needs of smooth green snakes?

A: Smooth green snakes require a habitat with specific temperature, humidity, and lighting requirements. They thrive in enclosures of suitable size with appropriate substrate options.

Q: What do smooth green snakes eat?

A: Smooth green snakes prefer a diet of insects such as crickets and small spiders. Feeding frequency, portion sizes, and a varied diet are essential for their nutritional needs.

Q: How should I handle a smooth green snake?

A: Proper handling techniques involve picking up and supporting the snake, ensuring safe interactions. Regular handling is crucial for a well-socialized pet snake.

Q: How can I maintain the health of my smooth green snake?

A: Regular check-ups with a reptile veterinarian and a clean enclosure are important for maintaining the health of your smooth green snake. Addressing common parasites is also essential.

Q: How do smooth green snakes reproduce?

A: Smooth green snakes have specific conditions for successful breeding, including temperature cycling and mating behavior. Breeding can present unique challenges.

Q: What are some potential companion species for smooth green snakes?

A: There are compatible reptiles that can cohabit with smooth green snakes, but proper research and monitoring are necessary for a safe environment.

Q: What are the legalities of owning a smooth green snake?

A: The legalities of owning a smooth green snake may vary in different regions, with permits, licenses, or regulations potentially applying. Sourcing from reputable breeders or licensed sellers is important.

Featured image: Don F Becker, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
Scroll to Top