A Guide to the Different Types of Carpet Pythons

types of carpet pythons

I am excited to introduce you to the world of carpet pythons. These beautiful and diverse snakes are native to Australia and New Guinea and come in a wide range of colors, patterns, and sizes. In this article, we will explore the different types, species, and subspecies of carpet pythons. I hope you are ready for an exciting journey through the world of these fascinating creatures!

Key Takeaways:

  • Carpet pythons are native to Australia and New Guinea.
  • There are many different types, species, and subspecies of carpet pythons.
  • Carpet pythons come in a variety of colors, patterns, and sizes.

What are Carpet Pythons?

Carpet pythons are a group of pythons native to Australia and New Guinea. They are known for their impressive size, beautiful coloration, and docile nature, making them a popular choice for reptile enthusiasts and pet owners alike.

These impressive snakes are renowned for their varying colors, patterns, and sizes. They can range in size from about four feet to over nine feet in length depending on the species. Carpet python species are also known to have different morphs and variations that make them distinguishable from one another.

The stunning coloration of carpet pythons makes them a favorite among snake enthusiasts. Their colors can range from vibrant oranges and yellows to deep browns and grays. Some even have a beautiful iridescent sheen to their scales.

Carpet pythons have been bred in captivity for many years, allowing for an array of unique and beautiful genetic variations. These variations include different morphs like the Jungle carpet python, which has a distinctive yellow and black striped pattern, and the Irian Jaya carpet python, which is known for its beautiful dark grey and black coloration.

Overall, carpet pythons are a fascinating species of snake with a diverse range of colors, patterns, and morphs. Their docile nature and manageable size make them an excellent choice for pet owners interested in these impressive reptiles.

Common Carpet Python Species

Carpet pythons are a diverse group of snakes, with several different species found across their native ranges of Australia and New Guinea. Here are some of the most commonly encountered species:

Species Appearance Range
Diamond python Black with white or yellowish diamonds Southern Australia
Coastal carpet python Variable, from golden to dark brown with irregular markings Eastern Australia
Inland carpet python Lighter colored with irregular markings Central Australia

These species differ in appearance, distribution, and behavior. For example, the diamond python is primarily arboreal, while the coastal and inland carpet pythons are more terrestrial.

Other common carpet python species include the jungle carpet python, which has a distinctive bright yellow coloration, and the Irian Jaya carpet python, which is found in New Guinea and has a unique blend of black, gray, and white scales.

It’s important to note that there are many other carpet python species and subspecies that are less commonly encountered, but just as fascinating!

Rare and Unique Carpet Python Varieties

Carpet pythons are known for their incredible diversity, and some varieties are particularly rare and unique. These snakes exhibit unusual colorations, patterns, and breeding characteristics that distinguish them from other carpet python species. Here are some standout examples:

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Subspecies Unique Traits
Jungle Carpet Python This subspecies has a distinctive bright yellow or gold coloration with black markings. Some jungle carpet pythons also have white or cream-colored scales on their undersides. They are native to humid rainforests in Australia and New Guinea.
Diamond Python The diamond python is known for its iridescent scales that reflect a rainbow of colors in certain lighting. These snakes have a diamond-shaped pattern with a black background and cream-colored scales. They are found in southeastern Australia.
Zigzag Carpet Python This subspecies has a unique “zigzag” pattern with black, brown, and cream-colored scales. They are found in a small region of northern Australia and are highly sought after by collectors.

Other rare and unique carpet python varieties include the Irian Jaya carpet python, which has a distinctive black and gold striped pattern, and the Darwin carpet python, which has a reddish-brown coloration with white or cream-colored stripes. Collectors and breeders prize these rare subspecies for their striking appearances and unique features.

Carpet Python Morphs and Genetic Mutations

Carpet pythons are known for their incredible diversity, and this extends to their morphs and genetic mutations as well. These variations occur naturally, as well as through selective breeding efforts. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most popular carpet python morphs and genetic traits.

Albino and Axanthic Morphs

Albino carpet pythons are a striking sight, with their bright yellow and white patternless scales. This morph is caused by a genetic mutation that prevents the production of melanin, resulting in the lack of darker pigments. Axanthic morphs, on the other hand, are devoid of yellow and red pigments, resulting in a cool, blue-grey coloration. These morphs are particularly popular among carpet python enthusiasts.

Jaguar and Diamond Morphs

Jaguar carpet pythons are known for their unique pattern, which features black and caramel-colored rosettes placed on a silver-grey background. This morph also tends to have a relatively high white coloration, making it incredibly striking. Diamond pythons, on the other hand, have a pattern that is reminiscent of diamonds, hence their name. They feature a striking silver-grey coloration with white and black markings.

Granite and Zebra Morphs

Granite carpet pythons have a unique pattern that appears like granite, with small, dark flecks on a lighter background. This morph is caused by a genetic mutation that results in smaller scales and a lack of prominent patterning. Zebra carpet pythons, on the other hand, feature bold black and white stripes that run the length of their body. This striking morph is caused by a mutation that affects the pigment distribution across their scales.

Inheritance Patterns

Many carpet python morphs are caused by recessive traits, meaning that two copies of the gene are required to express the morph. Other mutations are dominant, meaning that only one copy of the gene is necessary to express the morph. Understanding the inheritance patterns of these traits is essential for responsible breeding practices, particularly when attempting to produce rare or unique morphs.

Carpet pythons are truly remarkable creatures, with a vast array of morphs and genetic mutations to explore. Whether you are a seasoned enthusiast or a newcomer to the world of snakes, there is undoubtedly a carpet python out there that will capture your heart.

Geographic Subspecies of Carpet Pythons

Carpet pythons are found in various geographical locations, and this has led to the development of different subspecies. Here are some of the most notable geographic subspecies of carpet pythons:

Subspecies Geographical Location Distinct Features
Jungle Carpet Python Australia’s tropical rainforests and New Guinea Elusive and nocturnal snakes with distinctive brown and cream coloration.
Coastal Carpet Python Coastal regions of northeastern Australia The largest subspecies of carpet pythons, with striking color variations of black and gold. They are excellent swimmers and climbers.
Inland Carpet Python Inland regions of Australia, from the Kimberley region in the west to southern Queensland in the east. A popular subspecies in the pet trade with various morphs. They have a similar appearance to the coastal carpet python but with a less vibrant coloration.
Darwin Carpet Python Northern parts of Australia, including the Northern Territory and Western Australia. A medium-sized subspecies with various colors and patterns. They are often found in urban areas and are well-adapted to living near humans.
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Each subspecies of carpet python has its own unique characteristics and adaptations that allow them to thrive in their specific environmental conditions.

Carpet Python Care and Husbandry

Keeping carpet pythons as pets requires a significant amount of care and attention. These reptiles are known to be hardy and adaptable, but proper husbandry is crucial to their health and well-being.

The first step in caring for a carpet python is providing an appropriate habitat. Carpet pythons require a secure and spacious enclosure with ample hiding spots and a basking area. Depending on the species, their enclosure needs to be heated using either an under-tank heating pad or a basking lamp, and the temperature should range from 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Maintaining proper humidity levels is also important, and a small water dish should be provided for the snake to soak in when necessary.

Feeding habits of carpet pythons vary depending on the species and size of the snake. Younger carpet pythons typically require smaller prey items like mice and rats, whereas adults can consume larger items like rabbits or chickens. It is important to feed them prey that is proportional to their size, and to not overfeed them as obesity can lead to health issues.

Carpet pythons should be handled with care and only when necessary. They are more active at night and prefer to spend their days hiding in their enclosure. When handling, make sure to support the snake’s weight and avoid sudden movements that can startle them. It is also important to wash your hands before and after handling to prevent the spread of any bacteria or viruses.

Finally, it is important to research the specific species and morph of carpet python being kept as a pet, as their care requirements can vary. Consulting with a veterinarian who specializes in reptiles can also be helpful in ensuring proper husbandry.

Breeding Carpet Pythons

When it comes to breeding carpet pythons, it is essential to have a solid understanding of the species and their particular morphs. Breeding carpet pythons can be challenging, but it can also be a rewarding and exciting experience.

It is important to ensure that the carpet pythons are healthy and mature enough for breeding. This means waiting until they have reached the appropriate size and age, which varies among different species and morphs. Additionally, it is crucial to provide the proper environment and nutrition for the carpet pythons to ensure the health and well-being of both parents and offspring.

Factors to Consider for Successful Breeding Description
Mating Behavior Male carpet pythons exhibit a unique mating behavior that involves a series of courtship rituals, which should be observed and monitored for success.
Egg Incubation Carpet pythons lay eggs that need to be incubated at specific temperatures and humidity levels. The incubation period varies among species and morphs and can take anywhere from 50 to 90 days.
Genetic Diversity It is important to be aware of the genetic makeup of both parents to ensure genetic diversity and prevent inbreeding, which can lead to health issues and deformities in offspring.

As with any breeding program, responsible breeding practices are crucial in preserving and promoting the health of carpet python populations. This involves ensuring that the offspring are healthy and that surplus snakes are carefully placed in suitable homes.

Breeding carpet pythons can be a rewarding experience for those who take the time to understand the species and their unique morphs. With proper care and attention, breeders can help preserve the beauty and diversity of these fascinating snakes.

Carpet Python Conservation and Threats

As with many reptile species, carpet pythons face a variety of threats in the wild. Habitat loss and fragmentation, caused by agriculture and urbanization, are major concerns. Additionally, carpet pythons are often hunted for their skins or captured for the exotic pet trade, which can significantly impact local populations.

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Several subspecies of carpet pythons are considered to be of conservation concern, including the Irian Jaya carpet python, which is classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. Other subspecies, such as the jungle carpet python, are considered to be of least concern, but still face threats in certain areas.

Conservation efforts are being made to protect carpet python populations and their habitats. In some areas, protected areas have been established to allow for safe breeding and nesting grounds. Additionally, education programs are being implemented to increase awareness of the importance of protecting these beautiful creatures and their ecosystems.

Carpet Python Mythology and Cultural Significance

Carpet pythons have held a significant place in indigenous Australian culture for thousands of years. The snakes are considered to be powerful spiritual creatures, associated with creation stories and the land.

In some Aboriginal Dreaming stories, carpet pythons are believed to have created the rivers, mountains, and valleys of the land. They are also often seen as protectors, with their presence deterring negative spirits and energies.

Carpet pythons are also embedded in various indigenous ceremonies and rituals. In some communities, the snakes are believed to have the ability to connect the living with their ancestors and the spiritual realm.

Outside of indigenous cultures, carpet pythons have also been used in various forms of art, including painting, carving, and storytelling. Their unique and diverse physical characteristics have inspired artists and storytellers for centuries.

Overall, carpet pythons hold a special place in Australian culture and mythology. Their beauty and significance continue to captivate and inspire people from all around the world.


In conclusion, carpet pythons are a diverse and fascinating species of snake. Their varying colors, patterns, and sizes make them a popular choice for reptile enthusiasts around the world. We have explored the different types, species, and subspecies of carpet pythons, as well as their morphs and genetic mutations. We’ve also discussed their care, husbandry, and breeding, as well as their conservation status and cultural significance.

As we conclude our colorful guide to carpet pythons, I hope that you have gained a deeper appreciation for these amazing creatures. Remember, these are living beings that require respect and proper care. Whether you’re a snake owner, a wildlife enthusiast, or simply curious about the natural world, I encourage you to continue learning about carpet pythons and the many wonders of nature.


Q: What are carpet pythons?

A: Carpet pythons are a species of snake that are native to Australia and New Guinea. They come in various colors, patterns, and sizes, with different morphs and genetic variations.

Q: What are the common carpet python species?

A: The most commonly found carpet python species include the jungle carpet python, the diamond python, and the coastal carpet python. These species have unique features, colors, and patterns.

Q: Are there any rare and unique carpet python varieties?

A: Yes, there are rare and unique varieties of carpet pythons. These varieties have unusual colorations, patterns, and breeding characteristics. Some standout breeds include the jaguar carpet python and the zebra carpet python.

Q: What are carpet python morphs and genetic mutations?

A: Carpet python morphs and genetic mutations are variations in color, pattern, and physical characteristics that occur naturally or through breeding. Examples of popular morphs include the albino carpet python and the caramel carpet python.

Q: How many geographic subspecies of carpet pythons are there?

A: There are several geographic subspecies of carpet pythons, each with its own unique features. These subspecies are influenced by their habitats and locations. Some examples include the Irian Jaya carpet python and the Murray-Darling carpet python.

Q: How do I care for a carpet python?

A: Carpet pythons require specific care and husbandry. This includes providing the right habitat, feeding them a proper diet, and maintaining appropriate temperature and humidity levels. Care requirements may vary depending on the species or morph of the carpet python.

Q: Can carpet pythons be bred?

A: Yes, carpet pythons can be bred. Breeding carpet pythons requires knowledge and understanding of their reproductive behavior and genetics. It is important to prioritize genetic diversity and responsible breeding practices.

Q: What are the conservation concerns for carpet pythons?

A: Carpet pythons face threats in the wild, including habitat loss and poaching. Conservation efforts are ongoing to protect their natural habitats and ensure their survival. Certain subspecies may be of particular conservation concern.

Q: Are carpet pythons significant in mythology and culture?

A: Yes, carpet pythons hold cultural significance in various indigenous cultures. They are often associated with folklore, symbolism, and stories. Their presence in mythology reflects their importance in cultural beliefs and traditions.

Featured image: Scandicox, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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