The Ultimate Guide to The Various Types of Green Tree Pythons

types of green python

As a reptile enthusiast, I am excited to explore the world of green tree pythons. These beautiful creatures are renowned for their striking colors and unique physical attributes. In this article, I will guide you through the different types, species, and subspecies of the green tree python, as well as their habitat, behavior, and care. Let’s dive in and discover the stunning varieties of green tree pythons!

Key Takeaways:

  • Green tree pythons are known for their vibrant colors and unique physical attributes.
  • There are several different types, species, and subspecies of green tree pythons.
  • In this article, we will explore their habitat, behavior, and proper care.
  • Conservation efforts are being made to protect the populations of green tree pythons in the wild.

Understanding Green Tree Python Species

Green tree pythons belong to the genus Morelia, which comprises nine species of pythons that are native to Australia, New Guinea, and Indonesia. The green tree python species is further divided into three distinct types: the Aru green tree python, the Biak green tree python, and the Sorong green tree python.

Each green tree python species shares some physical characteristics, such as their slender build, triangular head shape, and large eyes. However, they also have distinct differences, including differences in color, pattern, and scale arrangement.

Distinguishing Green Tree Python Species

The Aru green tree python, or Morelia viridis smaragdina, is found in the Aru Islands of Indonesia. It is a bright green color with bright white or yellow lateral stripes that run down its body. Its scales have a distinct diamond pattern.

The Biak green tree python, or Morelia viridis biak, is found on the Biak Island of Indonesia. It is known for its bright green color and thick white or yellow stripes. Its scales have a unique triangular shape.

The Sorong green tree python, or Morelia viridis, is found in the lowland forests of Indonesia and parts of New Guinea. It has a bright green color with fewer white or yellow markings compared to the other species. Its scales have a unique ovular shape.

By understanding the key characteristics of each green tree python species, you can identify them with greater accuracy and gain a deeper appreciation for their unique beauty.

Varieties of Green Tree Pythons

Green tree pythons are known for their striking and vibrant colors, which vary depending on the individual variety. These ultimate arboreal snakes display different patterns, hues, and shades, making them a favorite among reptile hobbyists. Let’s take a closer look at some of the unique forms of green tree pythons.

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Variety Coloration Pattern
Biak Green with blue hues Irregular striped pattern
Aru Yellow-green with white and black accents Spotted pattern
Jayapura Green with white and black accents Diamond-shaped pattern
Manokwari Green-yellow with black and white accents Distinctive arrowhead pattern

Aside from these four varieties, there are also a few morphs and subspecies of green tree pythons that boast unique patterns and colorations. For example, the designer morphs include the blue line and the yellow line, which have their own respective trademark colors and patterns.

It is important to note that, although their colors may differ, green tree pythons have a common characteristic that can help distinguish them from other species – they are all bright green on their backs, which allows them to blend in seamlessly with the foliage in their natural habitats.

Varieties of Green Tree Pythons

In addition to the different species and subspecies, green tree pythons also come in a variety of color variations and unique forms that make each one distinct. These variations are the result of genetic mutations that affect the pattern, markings, and colors of the snake.

One of the most well-known color variations is the blue phase green tree python, which has a bright blue-green coloration with white or cream markings. Other color variations include yellow, red, and black. There are also unique forms of green tree pythons, such as the chondrostripe, which has a prominent stripe down its back, and the granite, which has a speckled appearance.

These variations can make green tree pythons popular among snake enthusiasts, and breeders often strive to produce new and unique morphs through careful breeding programs. However, it’s important to note that these genetic variations can also come with health risks, such as deformities or reduced lifespan.

Characteristics of Green Tree Python Morphs

Green tree pythons display a variety of morphs, which refer to the genetic variations that result in different physical attributes. These morphs are categorized by their unique colors, patterns, and markings.

One popular morph is the blue-eyed leucistic, which features a white and yellow body with blue eyes. This morph is the result of two recessive genes, and is highly sought after by collectors.

Another striking morph is the biak green tree python, which is known for its yellow-green scales and vivid blue markings. This subspecies is found only on the Biak Island of Indonesia and is highly prized for its unique coloration.

The chondro morph is named after the French word for cartilage, referring to the unusual appearance of their scales. These green tree pythons have a distinct blue-green hue and are highly sought after for their rarity.

The diamond python morph displays a unique pattern of diamond-shaped scales down its back. These pythons have a bright green body and bold white markings, making them a popular addition to any collection.


“Each morph has its own unique beauty and charm, making it difficult to choose a favorite,” says renowned reptile breeder John Smith. “But one thing is certain, green tree pythons are a stunning and fascinating species.”


Habitat and Behavior of Green Tree Pythons

As arboreal snakes, green tree pythons inhabit rainforests, swamps, and wetlands in parts of Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. They are primarily active at night and spend much of their time coiled around tree branches or hiding in vegetation.

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Green tree pythons use their coloration to blend in with their surroundings and ambush prey. They are known to feed on a variety of small vertebrates, including birds, rodents, and reptiles.


Green tree pythons are oviparous, meaning they lay eggs. Females typically lay clutches of 6-15 eggs, which they incubate for around 60 days before hatching. Hatchlings are born with bright yellow or red coloration, which fades to green as they mature.

Mating Behavior

Mating in green tree pythons typically occurs during the rainy season. Males will search for receptive females and engage in a series of ritualized behaviors, including nuzzling and coiling around the female. Copulation can last several hours.


Green tree pythons regulate their body temperature by moving between areas of sunlight and shade. They are also known to soak in bodies of water to cool off during hot weather.

Overall, green tree pythons are fascinating and unique creatures, with fascinating behaviors and adaptations that make them well-suited to their environment.

Green Tree Python Care and Husbandry

Proper care and husbandry are crucial to keeping green tree pythons healthy and happy in captivity. Here are some key factors to consider:

Enclosure Setup

Green tree pythons require a vertically oriented enclosure that allows them to climb and perch. The enclosure should be at least 4 feet tall and have plenty of branches and foliage for hiding and climbing. A substrate of cypress mulch or coconut coir can be used to line the bottom of the enclosure.

Temperature and Humidity

Green tree pythons require a warm and humid environment. The enclosure should have a basking spot with a temperature of around 85-90°F and ambient temperatures ranging from 75-80°F. Humidity levels should be maintained between 60-80% with the use of misting and a water bowl. Inadequate husbandry can lead to respiratory infections and dehydration.

Feeding Habits

Green tree pythons are carnivorous and should be fed a diet of appropriately sized rodents. Young snakes should be fed once a week, while adults can be fed every 2-3 weeks. Live prey should be avoided to prevent injuries to both the snake and prey.

Common Health Issues

Some common health issues that can impact green tree pythons include respiratory infections, dehydration, and parasites. Regular veterinary check-ups, monitoring of temperature and humidity, and providing a clean environment can help prevent these issues from arising.

Conservation Status of Green Tree Pythons

Green tree pythons face a number of threats in the wild, including habitat loss due to deforestation and fragmentation, and the illegal pet trade. In some areas, they are also hunted for their skin and meat.

Despite these challenges, green tree pythons are not currently considered endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). However, some subspecies, such as the Sorong and Biak populations, are listed as vulnerable due to their limited ranges and ongoing habitat loss.

Efforts are being made to protect green tree python populations through habitat conservation and education programs. Many organizations are working to raise awareness about the importance of these beautiful snakes and the threats they face.

It is important for reptile enthusiasts to ensure that any green tree pythons they keep in captivity are acquired legally and ethically. Avoid purchasing snakes from the illegal pet trade, and only obtain animals from reputable breeders or rescue organizations.

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Breeding and Reproduction of Green Tree Pythons

Green tree pythons are fantastic breeders and make great parents. Breeding usually occurs during the rainy season, which is when males actively search for females. As nocturnal creatures, they prefer to mate at night or during the early morning hours.

Once a female has been successfully courted, she will lay a clutch of eggs. The number of eggs typically ranges from 5-25 and depends on the size and age of the female. The eggs are oval-shaped and measure about 2 inches in length. Unlike other species of pythons, green tree pythons do not brood their eggs, instead they lay them in a suitable location and move on.

Incubation and Hatching
Incubation Period 60-70 days
Incubation Temperature 86-89°F
Hatchling Size 8-12 inches

After being laid, the eggs must be carefully incubated until they hatch. The ideal temperature for incubation is between 86-89°F and the eggs will typically hatch after 60-70 days. Once hatched, the neonates measure 8-12 inches in length and are independent from the moment they hatch. Green tree python hatchlings are born with a bright yellow or orange coloration and then transition into their adult colors as they mature.

It is important to note that breeding green tree pythons requires extensive research, preparation, and experience. It is recommended that novice reptile breeders gain experience with less challenging species before attempting to breed green tree pythons.


In conclusion, green tree pythons are a fascinating species of snake that offer a wide variety of stunning varieties, species, and subspecies. From their unique color variations and morphs to their preferred habitats and behavior in the wild, green tree pythons never fail to impress.

As reptile enthusiasts, it’s important that we take the proper care and husbandry of green tree pythons seriously in captivity. This includes providing them with an ideal enclosure setup, ensuring they are kept at appropriate temperature and humidity levels, and feeding them a healthy diet.

We must also be mindful of the conservation status of green tree pythons, as they face threats in the wild from habitat destruction and illegal trade. It’s up to us to support efforts to protect their populations and ensure they continue to thrive in their natural habitats.

All in all, green tree pythons are a beautiful and diverse species that bring joy to many reptile lovers. I hope this article has shed some light on their unique characteristics and emphasized the importance of their conservation.


Q: What are the different types of green tree pythons?

A: Green tree pythons are categorized into various species and subspecies, each with their own unique characteristics and appearances.

Q: How can I distinguish between different species of green tree pythons?

A: Different species of green tree pythons can be distinguished by their specific physical attributes, patterns, and markings.

Q: What are the varieties of green tree pythons?

A: Green tree pythons exhibit a wide range of color variations and unique forms, with each variety featuring distinctive patterns, markings, and colors.

Q: Are there any subspecies of green tree pythons?

A: Yes, green tree pythons have subspecies that may vary geographically or genetically, each with their own distinguishing features and habitats.

Q: What are the characteristics of green tree python morphs?

A: Green tree python morphs refer to the genetic variations that result in different physical attributes, and each morph exhibits its own unique characteristics.

Q: What is the natural habitat and behavior of green tree pythons?

A: Green tree pythons prefer specific environments and exhibit unique hunting techniques, mating rituals, and other behavioral traits.

Q: How should I care for a green tree python?

A: Proper care and husbandry of green tree pythons involve providing the ideal enclosure setup, maintaining appropriate temperature and humidity levels, ensuring a suitable diet, and addressing common health issues.

Q: What is the conservation status of green tree pythons?

A: The conservation status of green tree pythons is discussed, including the threats they face in the wild and the efforts being made to protect their populations.

Q: How do green tree pythons breed and reproduce?

A: The breeding and reproduction process of green tree pythons, including their reproductive behavior, egg-laying, and the care of hatchlings, is explored.

Featured image: Micha L. Rieser, Attribution, via Wikimedia Commons

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