The Truth About What Ball Pythons Eat

albino ball python

I know how important it is to ensure that ball pythons receive a balanced and nutritious diet. But what does a ball python eat? In this article, we will explore the ball python’s diet, including their natural feeding habits and the best options for feeding them in captivity.

Key Takeaways:

  • Ball pythons in the wild typically consume small mammals, birds, and reptiles.
  • In captivity, ball pythons should be fed a diet that consists of appropriately sized rodents.
  • It is important to establish a regular feeding schedule for your ball python based on their age and size.
  • Providing water and ensuring proper hydration is also crucial for the health of your ball python.

Understanding the Natural Diet of Ball Pythons

Ball pythons are carnivorous reptiles that have a natural diet consisting of small mammals, birds, and reptiles. In the wild, they mainly consume rodents such as rats and mice. They are also known to eat small birds, as well as other reptiles such as lizards and smaller snakes.

Ball pythons are ambush predators, meaning that they wait for their prey to come to them and then strike. They have a unique feeding mechanism, which involves gripping their prey with their sharp teeth and then coiling their body around their prey in a tight embrace, suffocating it.

Due to their slow metabolism, ball pythons can go for long periods of time without food, typically several weeks to a few months depending on their size and age. In captivity, it is important to replicate their natural diet as much as possible to ensure their health and longevity.

Types of Prey Consumed by Ball Pythons

The following are the most common types of prey that ball pythons consume in their natural habitat:

Prey TypeDescription
RodentsSmall mammals such as rats and mice.
BirdsSmall birds such as finches and sparrows.
ReptilesSmaller snakes and lizards.

It is important to note that ball pythons in captivity should not be given live prey, as it can lead to injury or even death for both the snake and the prey. Instead, pre-killed or frozen and thawed prey should be offered.

Providing a suitable diet is crucial for the health and well-being of ball pythons. In the next section, we will discuss the proper feeding of ball pythons in captivity, including the types of food they should be offered.

Feeding Ball Pythons in Captivity

Feeding a ball python in captivity can be a straightforward process, but there are some important considerations to keep in mind. Firstly, it’s important to note that captive ball pythons have different nutritional needs than those in the wild. In captivity, they require a balanced diet that provides all the necessary nutrients for their growth and development.

Food OptionsFrequency
Frozen mice and ratsOnce a week
Frozen chicksOnce every 2-3 weeks
Live preyAvoid if possible

The most common food option for captive ball pythons is frozen and thawed mice or rats. These can be purchased from pet stores or online retailers. It’s important to choose the right size prey for your snake, with larger snakes requiring larger prey items. Frozen chicks can also be offered occasionally as a source of variety in the diet.

You might like this:  Fangs or Fiction: Revealing the Tooth Truth of Ball Pythons

Live prey should be avoided if possible, as they can be a risk to the snake’s health. Live rodents can injure a snake during feeding, and there is a risk of the prey animal carrying diseases.

When offering frozen prey, it’s important to properly thaw and warm the food prior to feeding. This can be done by placing the prey item in warm water until it reaches room temperature. It’s also important to never feed your snake prey that is larger than its widest point, as this can lead to digestive issues.


In addition to a balanced diet, ball pythons may require supplements to ensure they are receiving all the necessary nutrients. Calcium and vitamin D3 supplements are commonly used, and can be dusted on the prey item prior to feeding.

It’s important to not over-supplement, as this can lead to health issues. Consult with a veterinarian or experienced reptile keeper for guidance on supplement use.

Best Food Options for Ball Pythons

When it comes to feeding your ball python, it’s important to provide them with a nutritious and varied diet. Here are some of the best food options for your pet:

Food TypeDescription
Frozen Mice or RatsThese are the most common food items used for feeding ball pythons in captivity. They come in various sizes to match the size of your snake. Frozen rodents are also more convenient since they can be stored for a longer period of time.
Live PreySome ball python owners prefer to feed their pets live prey, such as mice, rats, or chicks. However, it’s important to supervise your snake while they eat to ensure they don’t get injured by the prey. It’s also important to note that some live prey may carry diseases or parasites that can be harmful to your snake.
Frozen Thawed Quail or RabbitFor owners who want to offer their snakes a more varied diet, quail or rabbit can be another great option. These can be purchased frozen, and then thawed before feeding to your snake. However, it’s important to note that these are not as readily available as frozen mice or rats and can be more expensive.

It’s important to note that while ball pythons can eat other types of food, such as birds or lizards, these should be avoided since they may contain high levels of fat or other nutrients that can be harmful to your snake in excess.

When selecting food for your snake, it’s also important to ensure that it is the appropriate size. Generally, the food item should be no larger than the widest part of your snake’s body. Overfeeding can lead to health issues, such as obesity and fatty liver disease.

Establishing a Feeding Schedule for Your Ball Python

Creating a feeding schedule for your ball python is important to ensure they receive the proper nutrition and maintain a healthy weight. The frequency of feeding will depend on the age and size of your snake. Here are some general guidelines:

AgeFrequency of Feeding
Newborn to 6 monthsOnce every 5-7 days
6 months to 1 yearOnce every 7-10 days
Over 1 yearOnce every 10-14 days

It is important to observe your ball python’s eating habits and adjust the feeding schedule accordingly. If your snake consistently refuses food, wait a bit longer before attempting to feed them again. Conversely, if your snake seems to be consistently hungry, you may need to increase the frequency of their meals.

You might like this:  Ball Python Bites: Unleashing the Truth about their Pain!

How to Feed a Ball Python

Feeding a ball python can be a straightforward process if done correctly. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Prepare the food: Make sure the food is appropriate for the size of your ball python. Pre-killed mice are the most common food source for ball pythons. If you’re feeding live prey, make sure to supervise the feeding to ensure the safety of your snake. Thaw frozen prey in warm water before feeding to make sure it is at the correct temperature.
  2. Prepare the feeding area: Place the food in a separate container to avoid ingesting substrate. Make sure the container is appropriately sized for the snake to eat comfortably.
  3. Offer the food: Use tongs to offer the food to your ball python. Gently shake the prey to mimic movement to stimulate a feeding response. Do not hold or dangle the prey in front of the snake’s face as this can be stressful for the snake and increase the likelihood of being bitten.
  4. Observe the feeding: Allow your ball python to feed undisturbed in a quiet area. Do not handle or disturb the snake when it’s eating. Ball pythons typically take 10-30 minutes to consume their prey.
  5. Clean up: If the food is not eaten within an hour, it should be removed to avoid contamination. Clean the feeding area and wash your hands thoroughly.

Remember that ball pythons do not need to be fed frequently. Offering food once every 7-10 days is sufficient for adult ball pythons, while younger snakes may need to be fed more often. Stick to a consistent feeding schedule to avoid digestive issues and obesity.

Tips for Encouraging Appetite in Ball Pythons

As a ball python owner, you may encounter situations where your pet seems uninterested in eating. Here are some tips to help stimulate their appetite:

  • Offer a variety of prey: Ball pythons may become bored if they are offered the same type of prey repeatedly. Try switching between mice, rats, and other small animals to keep things interesting.
  • Try scenting the prey: Some ball python owners have had success with scenting the prey with chicken broth, fish oil, or other strong-smelling substances to make it more appealing to their pet.
  • Adjust feeding schedule: If your ball python is not eating well, you may want to try adjusting their feeding schedule. Some ball pythons prefer to eat at night, while others may prefer to eat in the morning.
  • Ensure proper temperature: Ball pythons require a warm environment to digest their food. Make sure that their enclosure is set to the proper temperature range to help stimulate their appetite.
  • Offer live prey: While this may not be the preferred method for all ball python owners, some ball pythons may respond better to live prey rather than pre-killed prey.

If your ball python continues to refuse food for an extended period of time, it may be necessary to seek help from a veterinarian who specializes in exotic pets. They can help diagnose and treat any underlying health issues that may be causing the appetite loss.

Handling Dietary Issues in Ball Pythons

As a ball python owner, you may encounter some dietary issues with your pet, but don’t worry – there are solutions available to help overcome them.

If your ball python refuses to eat, it could be due to several reasons. One common reason is that they are simply not hungry. Ball pythons can go for extended periods without food, so a missed meal or two should not be a cause for concern. They may also refuse food if they are stressed or uncomfortable in their environment. Ensure that their terrarium is properly set up and that they have adequate hiding places to feel secure.

If your pet consistently refuses to eat, it may be due to a health issue. In this case, it is best to consult with a veterinarian who specializes in reptiles. They can help diagnose any underlying issues and provide treatment.

You might like this:  The Truth About Ball Pythons: Separating Fact From Fiction On Poisonous Myths

Another dietary issue that ball pythons may face is obesity. It is important to feed them appropriately sized meals and not overfeed, as obesity can lead to health problems such as respiratory issues and heart disease. Consider the age, size, and activity level of your ball python when determining the appropriate amount of food to provide.

On the other hand, underfeeding can also lead to health problems. If your ball python appears lethargic, has loose skin, or shows signs of dehydration, they may not be getting enough food or water. Adjust their diet accordingly and ensure that they have access to fresh water at all times.

Overall, being attentive to your ball python’s dietary needs is crucial for their health and well-being. By recognizing and addressing any issues that arise, you can ensure that your beloved pet stays healthy and happy.

Feeding Precautions for Ball Python Owners

As a ball python owner, it’s important to take certain precautions when feeding your pet. Here are some tips:

  • Always ensure that the food you offer your ball python is of appropriate size. Feeding them prey that is too large can lead to choking or gastrointestinal problems.
  • Never handle your ball python immediately after feeding. Give them time to digest their meal, as handling can cause regurgitation and lead to health problems.
  • Always wash your hands before and after handling your ball python, especially after feeding. This will prevent the spread of bacteria that can cause illnesses in reptiles.
  • Never leave live prey unattended with your ball python, as this can lead to injuries to both the prey and your pet.
  • Be aware of the signs of feeding problems, such as refusal to eat or regurgitation, and seek veterinary attention if necessary.

By following these precautions, you can ensure the safety and well-being of your ball python during feeding and beyond.

Providing Water and Hydration for Ball Pythons

Just like any living creature, ball pythons require water for proper hydration and good health.

As a ball python owner, it is important to ensure that your pet has access to freshwater at all times. You can do this by providing a water dish in their enclosure that is large enough for them to soak in if they desire.

It’s important to note that the water dish should be cleaned and refilled with fresh water regularly to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and ensure that your ball python has access to clean water.

In addition to providing water through a dish, you can also mist the enclosure with water to help maintain moisture levels. This can be particularly important if you live in a dry climate or if your ball python is shedding.

If you notice that your ball python is not drinking water or appears dehydrated, it’s important to take action immediately. Signs of dehydration in ball pythons include sunken eyes, wrinkled skin, and lethargy. In this case, you may need to take your pet to the vet to receive fluids and other forms of treatment.


In conclusion, understanding the dietary needs of your ball python is crucial for their health and well-being. As we discussed in this article, ball pythons have a natural diet of small mammals and birds in the wild, but in captivity, they can be fed a variety of prey, including rodents and chicks.

It is important to provide your ball python with the proper food options and establish a feeding schedule according to their age and size. Remember to always handle your ball python with care and follow proper feeding precautions to prevent any accidents.

If your ball python is experiencing any dietary issues, such as refusing to eat or regurgitating food, there are solutions to help overcome these problems. Additionally, ensuring access to clean water and proper hydration is just as important as providing a suitable diet.

Overall, by following the guidelines outlined in this article, you can ensure your ball python is receiving the proper nutrition and care they need to thrive in captivity.


Q: What does a ball python eat?

A: Ball pythons primarily eat small mammals in the wild, such as mice and rats.

Q: What is the natural diet of ball pythons?

A: In the wild, ball pythons typically consume small mammals like mice and rats, as well as birds and occasionally other reptiles.

Q: How should I feed my ball python in captivity?

A: When feeding a ball python in captivity, it is important to offer them appropriately sized prey items, such as frozen and thawed rodents.

Q: What are the best food options for ball pythons?

A: The best food options for ball pythons are frozen and thawed rodents, such as mice and rats, that are appropriately sized for their age and size.

Q: How do I establish a feeding schedule for my ball python?

A: To create a feeding schedule for your ball python, consider their age and size, and aim to feed them once every 1-2 weeks.

Q: How do I feed a ball python?

A: When feeding a ball python, thaw frozen rodents, use tongs to offer the prey item, and allow the snake to strike and constrict its meal.

Q: How can I encourage appetite in my ball python?

A: To stimulate the appetite of a ball python, try warming the prey item slightly, offering live prey (with caution), or creating a feeding routine.

Q: What should I do if my ball python has dietary issues?

A: If your ball python is experiencing dietary issues, such as refusing to eat or regurgitating meals, consult a reptile veterinarian for guidance.

Q: What feeding precautions should I take as a ball python owner?

A: As a ball python owner, it is important to ensure the safety of both you and your snake by using appropriate feeding tools and handling prey items carefully.

Q: How do I provide water and hydration for my ball python?

A: Ensure your ball python has access to clean, fresh water at all times and consider providing a shallow dish for them to soak in for hydration.

Featured Image: WingedWolfPsion, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top